Texas Mountain Laurel

Texas Mountain Laurel

Sophora secundiflora
Mescal Bean, Mountain Laurel, Frijolito, Frijolillo

20 feet

12 feet
Texas south to central Mexico
  • Central Texas
  • Texas
  • Full Sun
  • Part Sun/Shade
  • Very Low
  • Evergreen
  • Flowering
  • Attracts Pollinators

About This Plant

Sun or shade; evergreen, with grape-scented flower clusters in March and April. The flowers resemble wisteria and bloom early in spring. In south-central Texas, mountain laurel is commonly found on well-drained Hill Country limestone. However, it’s a very popular landscape specimen can be used in both Blackland clays and sandy soils. Although slow-growing and difficult to transplant, mountain laurel is one of the best small trees for any landscape. One it’s own it’s extremely drought-hardy, so avoid over-watering and especially over-fertilizing. The stonelike red beans are poisonous; however, they’re so hard they can pass through any digestive tract – human or animal. Local Native Americans considered the beans so valuable they traded them over long distances into Mexico. Children rub the beans on playground concrete until painfully hot, for a South Texas version of tag.


Generally none required once established.


Plant Type:
Small Tree
6-20' H, 4-12' W
Sunlight Requirements:
Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade
Soil Types:
Clay, Thin
Bees, Butterflies, Butterfly Larvae, Pollinators
Flower Color:
Lavender, Purple
Bloom Time:
February, March, April
Freeze Hardy:
Coupon Eligible:

This plant goes well with

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