Agarita

 In
Agarita

Berberis trifoliolata
Agarito, Algerita, Wild Currant, Laredo Grape
4

6 feet
4

6 feet
Texas to southwestern U.S., south to central Mexico
  • Central Texas
  • Texas
  • Full Sun
  • Part Sun/Shade
  • Low
  • Evergreen
  • Flowering
  • Attracts Pollinators
  • Birds

About This Plant

Sun or shade. Evergreen, with blue or green leaves bearing sharp points.

Agarita’s holly-like leaves are a signature of south-central Texas: prickly and rugged. Stiff stems form a mounding shrub up to 5′ in height. Agarita grows in thickets, canyons and woodlands. Though it’s frequently clear-cut during residential construction, it has been re-planted and showcased in watersaver landscapes, paired with yucca and mountain laurel to lend instant Hill Country flavor. Yellow flowers appear briefly in early spring, followed by sweet-sour reddish berries.

Growing throughout the Southwest, agarita was considered to possess antiseptic qualities by Native Americans. Root shavings yielded yellow dye for animal hides; later, the berries were used for jelly and wine.

Though it can be hard to locate at big box stores, agarita can generally be obtained from nurseries specializing in native plants.

Maintenance

Agarita requires excellent drainage, especially in clay soils. No regular maintenance is required. Prune only to remove deadwood; autumn is the best time, since it blooms in early spring.

Features

Plant Type:
Small Shrub
Size:
4-6' H, 4-6' W
Sunlight Requirements:
Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade
Soil Types:
Sandy, Thin, Well drained
Wildlife:
Bees, Birds, Pollinators
Flower Color:
Yellow
Bloom Time:
February, March
Freeze Hardy:
Yes
Invasive:
No
Caution:
None
Coupon Eligible:
No

This plant goes well with

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