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Ligustrum

Sun or shade. Included here as an example of aggressive non-native species to avoid in south-central Texas; the \”disgustrums\” include several privet species used by homebuilders as [...]

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Old Man’s Beard

Sun or partial shade. A perennial vine, most often seen along roadsides or fences, where its wispy plumes are a signature of late summer. Male and female plants produce different flowers, but [...]

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Texas Milkweed

Sun or full Shade. A clump-forming deciduous perennial, up to 24 inches. Thin, dark green, oval shaped leaves grow in opposite pairs up the stem. Each stem is capped by an umbel of small white [...]

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Carpet Bugleweed

Full (or at least partial) shade. Evergreen, with spikes of blue flowers in summer. A dense, fast-spreading purple groundcover spreading by runners, frequently used as an informal shade [...]

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Betony

Sun or shade; it needs less water in filtered shade. A low-sprawling evergreen perennial with scarlet-red blooms and softly (and sometimes sharply) fuzzy apple-green leaves. Betony is deer [...]

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Bay Laurel

Sun to part shade; an evergreen shrub or tree. In the right soils, bay laurel grows quite large and sturdy. It appreciates some protection from late afternoon sun in summertime.\n\nThis is the [...]

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Horseherb

Shade or sun. Deciduous, forming a soft mat-like groundcover that often outperforms turfgrass in shade, with the bonus of prolific yellow blooms during the warm season. Many lawns on the north [...]

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Holly Fern

Shade; evergreen with large leaves resembling holly. In general it prefers sheltered, moist areas but established plants can tolerate dry conditions as long as they are in shaded beds.