Southern Cypress, Swamp Cypress
Central Texas and Southeastern U.S.
- Central Texas
- Full Sun
- Part Sun/Shade
About This Plant
Sun, part shade; deciduous, with good copper or yellow fall color. A very tall tree, eventually flat-topped. This is the common bald cypress of Southern swamps, Hill Country rivers, and the San Antonio Riverwalk. There are distinct Central and East Texas varieties; Central Texas natives lack the distinctive “knees” of their Eastern cousins. (Cypress knees are believed to help oxygen reach roots submerged in swamp muck; as this isn’t much of an issue in the Hill Country, local trees generally grow without knees). Still, both varieties prefer moist soil or a location within 15 feet of water. In an appropriate location, bald cypress grows swiftly to impressive size. For drier upland sites, use Montezuma cypress instead.
Plan on pruning in winter every five years, and spot pruning as needed during the growing season. Pruning cuts should only be made at a bud or branch, and mostly just to remove dead, damaged, or rubbing branches. As with any tree, remove no more than 25% of the canopy during any five-year cycle. Leave the upper 2/3 of the tree’s crown uncut to maintain a healthy specimen, never removing more than the lowest third of the tree in a single pruning period. Mulch with about 2” of woodchips or pine bark wherever possible. In general, a tree’s mulched area should be a minimum of six feet.
50-70' H, 20-30' W
Full Sun, Part Sun/Shade