Landscapes that attract feathered friends are easier to create than you might think. Shelter, food and water are the most important elements to incorporate. Accomplishing this is simply a matter of choosing the right plants for your landscape. The more variety of plants you have, the more species of feathered friends you’ll attract.
Natural woodlands are a good example of what plant combinations to use in your area. Increase the amount of edge between open areas and wooded areas. Where larger trees meet the open lawn is a great location for understory trees and shrubs.
When planting, think levels:
- Grasses or ground cover (1 to 2 inches)
- Shrubs (2 to 5 feet)
- Small trees (5 to 15 feet)
- Tall trees (15 to 40 feet)
Consider plants and foliage that produce seeds, berries, nuts, sap and nectar – they provide year-round food and nesting supplies. Feeders also can help supplement the food supply. Again, there are many different styles, but a variety of feeders will attract different bird species.
Let’s not forget about water, which is necessary for birds. They’re drawn to the sound and motion of water as much as to the sight of it. Try adding a mister, dripper, or circulator pump to your fresh water bird bath or pond.
By Calvin Finch, Ph.D., Guest Author